What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma occurs when pressure in the eye becomes elevated. In normal function, fluid drains through a mesh-like organ in the front of the eye, and is constantly replaced by new fluid. With glaucoma, the fluid does not drain properly and pressure builds up, pushing against the optic nerve and, often, damaging it. Reduced vision is typically the result; left untreated, glaucoma can lead to irreversible blindness.
While anyone can develop glaucoma, some significant risk factors are family history; diabetes; near- or far-sightedness; and age (over 45 years). Those with black ancestry are also at elevated risk.
What are the symptoms?
Initially, glaucoma symptoms are subtle, and they often go unnoticed. (For this reason, glaucoma is sometimes called “The Silent Thief of Sight.”)
Symptoms may include
Headaches, eye pain, difficulty adjusting to the dark and
deteriorating peripheral vision generally signal the onset
of glaucoma. Often, though, your family eye doctor will
detect glaucoma through a routine pressure check.
Individual treatments will vary from
person to person. Treatments include medications (eye drops
and/or pills), Argon Laser
Surgery, standard surgery or in some cases, our patients
may be able to receive
selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) treatment or
CycloPhotocoagulation (ECP) treatment.
To aid in
treatment, Grossnickle Eye Center utilizes
Optical Coherence Tomography
(OCT) and HRT technology to provide a rapid, objective
and accurate evaluation of the eye.